The Demise of Captain James Cook

Captain James Cook (1728-1779) of the Royal Navy was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer. He joined the navy in 1755 and served in the Seven Years War (1754-1763, it was called that as the main fighting during the war occurred from 1756 onwards) that was fought out between the main European powers in their quest for…

Black Sand & Green Turtles in Hawaii

With all the nearby volcanic action on the Big Island of Hawaii it is not too surprising to see black sand beaches. Punalu’u Beach on the south-east coast of the island is a great example. The black sand is formed by tiny grains of volcanic rock washed in from the ocean and provides a stunning contrast…

Mauna Kea, Hawaii – Dormant Volcano

Mauna Kea is the highest point in Hawaii (4,207 metres / 13,803 feet above sea level) and is located more or less right in the middle of The Big Island. This is a barren almost desert like area on the island. It is windswept, dusty and hot.Why? Well Mauna Kea is a long dormant volcano (it last erupted over…

Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii

The volcano was cranky but not angry. Sadly there was no lava flow when I visited the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park on Hawaii the Big Island but there was plenty of evidence of the destructive power of the Kīlauea Volcano in the surrounding volcanic landscape.  

Life Amongst the Devastation

In 1959 a volcanic eruption occurred that created Pu’u Pua’i, a cinder cone on the rim of the Kīlauea Iki crater in the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. The pit of the crater became a superheated sea of lava. Today you can hike along the floor of the Kīlauea Iki crater. Although when you enter the trail you…